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Solid Phase Extraction of Cadmium and Lead from Water by Amberlyst 15 and Determination by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

Tunçeli, Adalet, Ulaş, Abdullah, Acar, Orhan, Türker, Ali Rehber
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology 2019 v.102 no.2 pp. 297-302
atomic absorption spectrometry, cadmium, chemical species, detection limit, ions, lead, nitric acid, pH, solid phase extraction, standard deviation
Preconcentration of Cd(II) and Pb(II) was carried out by using column solid phase extraction method. Amberlyst 15 was used as solid phase for these analytes. The optimum extraction conditions such as pH (4), type and volume of eluent (5 mL of 2 mol L⁻¹ HNO₃) sample flow rate (1 mL min⁻¹) and sample volume (100 mL for Cd(II) and 750 mL for Pb(II)) were determined. The recoveries were found for Cd(II) and Pb(II) as 104% ± 1% and 102 % ± 2%, respectively. The limit of detections were found as 0.23 µg L⁻¹ for Cd(II) and 0.13 µg L⁻¹ for Pb(II). The effects of foreign ions were also studied. The method was validated by analyzing standard reference material and spiked water samples. Percent relative error and relative standard deviation were below 3% and 4%, respectively.