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Mussel-inspired nano-silver loaded layered double hydroxides embedded into a biodegradable polymer matrix for enhanced mechanical and gas barrier properties
- Mao, Long, Liu, Jing-yi, Zheng, Si-jie, Wu, Hui-qing, Liu, Yue-jun, Li, Zhi-han, Bai, Yong-kang
- RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.10 pp. 5834-5843
- ammonia, antibacterial properties, biodegradability, hydroxides, mixing, nanocomposites, nanosilver, polyvinylpyrrolidone, silver
- In this paper, a facile, green and mussel-inspired method is presented to prepare silver loaded layered double hydroxides (Ag-LDHs@PDA and Ag-LDHs@TA–Fe(iii)) using a pre-synthesis polydopamine (PDA)/tannic acid (TA)–Fe(iii) layer as a nanoscale guide and PDA/TA itself as a reducing reagent to form uniform silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the surface of modified LDHs. Meanwhile, another kind of LDH, Ag-LDHs(PVP), was prepared via the direct reduction of the precursor [Ag(NH₃)₂]⁺ with polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP). And three kinds of Ag-LDHs/poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) nanocomposite were prepared by blending Ag-LDHs and pure PCL via a solution casting method to obtain homogeneous films. It is shown that the obtained AgNPs are distributed on the LDH surfaces uniformly. And the high loading and medium size of the AgNPs present in Ag-LDHs(PVP) give it the best antibacterial properties. However, compared with Ag-LDHs(PVP), the better dispersibilities of Ag-LDHs@PDA and Ag-LDHs@TA–Fe(iii) contribute to the greater aspect ratios of Ag-LDHs in the matrices, resulting in an increase in the number of tortuous paths for gas diffusion. Meanwhile, Ag-LDHs@PDA and Ag-LDHs@TA–Fe(iii) have stronger interactions with the PCL matrix, which is favorable for the existence of less interface defects in the matrix, resulting in an improvement in the mechanical and gas barrier properties. Therefore, mussel-inspired antibacterial Ag-LDHs/PCL nanocomposites show preferable mechanical and gas barrier properties.