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A critical review of cellulose-based nanomaterials for water purification in industrial processes
- Wang, Dong
- Cellulose 2019 v.26 no.2 pp. 687-701
- cellulose, cellulose nanofibers, cellulosic fibers, chemical treatment, clothing, drug residues, fuels, heavy metals, medicine, nanocrystals, paper, pollutants, pollution control, polymers, water purification
- At present, natural polymers have found applications in clothing, paper, medicine, fuel, etc. The advancement in science and technology has paved the way for nanotechnology, which combines the unique properties of these abundant polymers on a nanoscale to produce novel nanomaterials. Using mechanical or chemical treatment, cellulosic materials can be converted into cellulose nanofibers and nanocrystals which have excellent capabilities compared to microscale native cellulose fibers, especially in water purification applications. This review summarizes the most recent processing methods for nanocellulose and techniques employed for rational surface chemical modification. It also critically assesses the applications of cellulose-based nanomaterials with respect to their functionalization for removal of pollutants such as heavy metals, organic compounds and pharmaceutical residues from water.