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Control of Fusarium wilt of melon by combined treatment with biocontrol, plant-activating, and soil-alkalizing agents

Imazaki, Iori, Kadota, Ikuo
Journal of general plant pathology 2019 v.85 no.2 pp. 128-141
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melonis, Fusarium wilt, biological control, disease control, disease incidence, fertilizers, greenhouse experimentation, melons, pathogens, seedlings, slags, soil pH, soil-borne diseases
Fusarium wilt of melon is one of the destructive diseases of melon worldwide. To develop a method to control the soilborne disease Fusarium wilt of melon, we applied various combinations of a crop-protective microbe, a plant activator, and a soil pH increaser during seedling cultivation in preliminary greenhouse tests and chose the crop-protective Fusarium oxysporum strain SL0037, plant activator probenazole (PBZ), and soil-alkalizer slag fertilizer (SFR) for further tests in the field. From 2012 to 2014, the effects of treatment combinations with SL0037, PBZ, and SFR were tested in a field that was amended with the melon wilt pathogen F. oxysporum f. sp. melonis. Although disease incidence varied among the 3 years of the study, the main stem of melon plants was longer than that of the untreated control plants or those treated with one or two of the three agents. Results suggest a combination of SL0037, PBZ, and SFR treatments can be used to control Fusarium wilt of melon and improve growth of melon plants.