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Selection of calibration objective fonctions in the context of rainfall-ronoff modelling in a Sudanese savannah area
- SERVAT, ERIC, DEZETTER, ALAIN
- Hydrological sciences journal 1991 v.36 no.4 pp. 307-330
- algorithms, hydrologic models, runoff, savannas, watersheds, Cote d'Ivoire
- In the context of rainfall-runoff modelling carried out on the Sudanese savannah area in the northwest of the Ivory Coast, attempts are being made to reconstitute the flow at the outlets of catchments in 10 day time steps. By using algorithms with automatic fitting procedures for the parameters, it appeared necessary to make a choice concerning the calibration objective functions to be used. The paper presents the algorithms, data and objective functions that have been used. The results obtained from the calibrations made have been analysed. That analysis was done principally with the help of a comparative evaluation modulus which takes into account elements other than the value of the objective function alone and which enables the quality of the results to be picked out from a hydrological point of view. At the conclusion of the analysis, the objective function defined by Nash seems to stand out quite clearly in relation to the other formulae examined.