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Complementary Design for Pairing between Two Types of Nanoparticles Mediated by a Bispecific Antibody: Bottom-Up Formation of Porous Materials from Nanoparticles

Niide, Teppei, Manabe, Noriyoshi, Nakazawa, Hikaru, Akagi, Kazuto, Hattori, Takamitsu, Kumagai, Izumi, Umetsu, Mitsuo
Langmuir 2019 v.35 no.8 pp. 3067-3076
antibodies, asymmetric membranes, biotechnology, borohydrides, catalytic activity, gold, melting point, nanogold, nanoparticles, nanopores, p-nitrophenol, porous media, solubility, zinc oxide
Recent advances in biotechnology have enabled the generation of antibodies with high affinity for the surfaces of specific inorganic materials. Herein, we report the synthesis of functional materials from multiple nanomaterials by using a small bispecific antibody recombinantly constructed from gold-binding and ZnO-binding antibody fragments. The bispecific antibody-mediated spontaneous linkage of gold and ZnO nanoparticles forms a binary gold–ZnO nanoparticle composite membrane. The relatively low melting point of the gold nanoparticles and the solubility of ZnO in dilute acidic solution then allowed for the bottom-up synthesis of a nanoporous gold membrane by means of a low-energy, low-environmental-load protocol. The nanoporous gold membrane showed high catalytic activity for the reduction of p-nitrophenol to p-aminophenol by sodium borohydride. Here, we show the potential utility of nanoparticle pairing mediated by bispecific antibodies for the bottom-up construction of nanostructured materials from multiple nanomaterials.