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Comparison of 4 commercial modified-live porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccines against heterologous Korean PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2 challenge

Author:
Oh, T., Kim, H., Park, K. H., Yang, S., Jeong, J., Kim, S., Kang, I., Park, S. J., Chae, C.
Source:
Canadian journal of veterinary research 2019 v.83 no.1 pp. 57-67
ISSN:
0830-9000
Subject:
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, lungs, swine, vaccination, vaccines, viremia, virology
Abstract:
The efficacy of 4 commercial porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) modified-live vaccines (MLV), against PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2 was evaluated and compared in growing pigs. Two of the vaccines were based on PRRSV-1 and two on PRRSV-2. There were no significant differences between each of the two PRRSV-1 MLV vaccines and the two PRRSV-2 MLV vaccines respectively based on virology, immunological, and pathological evaluations. Vaccination with either of the PRRSV-1 MLV vaccines resulted in reduced PRRSV-1 but not PRRSV-2 viremia. Additionally, vaccination with either of the PRRSV-1 MLV vaccines resulted in reduction of lung lesions and PRRSV-1 positive cells in PRRSV-1 challenged pigs but had no significant effect in PRRSV-2 challenged pigs. In contrast, vaccination with either of the two PRRSV-2 MLV vaccines resulted in the reduction of both PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2 viremia. The PRRSV-2 MLV vaccines were also able to effectively reduce lung lesions and PRRSV positive cells after challenge with either PRRSV-1 or PRRSV-2. Our data suggest that while vaccination with PRRSV-1 MLV vaccines can be effective against PRRSV-1, only PRRSV-2 MLV vaccines can protect against both Korean PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2 challenges in this study.
Agid:
6315220