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Strongly Coupled Phenazine–Porphyrin Dyads: Light-Harvesting Molecular Assemblies with Broad Absorption Coverage

Lee, Shin Hee, Matula, Adam J., Hu, Gongfang, Troiano, Jennifer L., Karpovich, Christopher J., Crabtree, Robert H., Batista, Victor S., Brudvig, Gary W.
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2019 v.11 no.8 pp. 8000-8008
absorption, materials science, photosynthesis, quantum mechanics, solar cells
The development of light-harvesting architectures with broad absorption coverage in the visible region continues to be an important research area in the field of artificial photosynthesis. Here, we introduce a new class of ethynyl-linked panchromatic dyads composed of dibenzophenazines coupled ortho and meta to tetrapyrroles with an anchoring group that can be grafted onto metal oxide surfaces. Quantum chemical calculations and photophysical measurements of the synthesized materials reveal that both of the dibenzophenazine dyads absorb broadly from 300 to 636 nm and exhibit absorption bands different from those of the constituent chromophore units. Moreover, the different points of attachment of dibenzophenazines to tetrapyrroles give different absorption profiles which computations suggest result from differences in the planarity of the two dyads. Applicability of the dyads in artificial photosynthesis systems was assessed by their incorporation and characterization of their performance in dye-sensitized solar cells.