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Loss of selenium-binding protein 1 decreases sensitivity to clastogens and intracellular selenium content in HeLa cells
- Zhao, Changhui, Zeng, Huawei, Wu, Ryan T. Y., Cheng, Wen-Hsing
- Plos One 2016 v.11 no.7 pp. e0158650
- binding proteins, carcinogenesis, genome, hydrogen peroxide, neoplasm cells, prognosis, protein synthesis, selenium, selenomethionine, selenoproteins, small interfering RNA, uterine cervical neoplasms
- Selenium-binding protein 1 (SBP1) is not a selenoprotein but structurally binds selenium. Loss of SBP1 during carcinogenesis usually predicts poor prognosis. Because genome instability is a hallmark of cancer, we hypothesize that SBP1 sequesters cellular selenium and sensitizes cancer cells to DNA-damaging agents. To test this hypothesis, we knocked down SBP1 expression in HeLa cervical cancer cells by employing a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) approach. Reduced sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide, paraquat and camptothecin, reactive oxygen species content, and intracellular retention of selenium after selenomethionine treatment were observed in SBP1 shRNA HeLa cells. Results from Western analyses showed that treatment of HeLa cells with selenomethionine resulted in increased SBP1 protein expression in a dose-dependent manner. Knockdown of SBP1 rendered HeLa cells increased expression of glutathione peroxidase-1 but not glutathione peroxidase-4 protein levels and accelerated migration from a wound. Altogether, SBP1 retains supplemental selenium and sensitizes HeLa cancer cells to clastogens, suggesting a new cancer treatment strategy by sequestering selenium through SBP1.