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Joint and Unique Multiblock Analysis for Integration and Calibration Transfer of NIR Instruments

Skotare, Tomas, Nilsson, David, Xiong, Shaojun, Geladi, Paul, Trygg, Johan
Analytical chemistry 2019 v.91 no.5 pp. 3516-3524
corn, data analysis, data collection, instrumentation, models, near-infrared spectroscopy, prediction
In the present paper, we introduce an end-to-end workflow called joint and unique multiblock analysis (JUMBA), which allows multiple sources of data to be analyzed simultaneously to better understand how they complement each other. In near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, calibration models between NIR spectra and responses are used to replace wet-chemistry methods, and the models tend to be instrument-specific. Calibration-transfer techniques are used for standardization of NIR-instrumentation, enabling the use of one model on several instruments. The current paper investigates both the similarities and differences among a variety of NIR instruments using JUMBA. We demonstrate JUMBA on both a previously unpublished data set in which five NIR instruments measured mushroom substrate and a publicly available data set measured on corn samples. We found that NIR spectra from different instrumentation largely shared the same underlying structures, an insight we took advantage of to perform calibration transfer. The proposed JUMBA transfer displayed excellent calibration-transfer performance across the two analyzed data sets and outperformed existing methods in terms of both prediction accuracy and stability. When applied to a multi-instrument environment, JUMBA transfer can integrate all instruments in the same model and will ensure higher consistency among them compared with existing calibration-transfer methods.