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Veterinary‐focused assessment with sonography for trauma‐airway, breathing, circulation, disability and exposure: a prospective observational study in 64 canine trauma patients
- Armenise, A., Boysen, R. S., Rudloff, E., Neri, L., Spattini, G., Storti, E.
- Thejournal of small animal practice 2019 v.60 no.3 pp. 173-182
- breathing, cardiac output, contusions, dogs, hernia, nerve tissue, observational studies, patients, pneumothorax, point-of-care systems, radiography, radiology, ultrasonography, vena cava
- OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique and findings of the ‘veterinary focused assessment with sonography for trauma‐airway, breathing, circulation, disability and exposure’ protocol in dogs suffering from trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective observational study on a new point‐of‐care ultrasound protocol on 64 dogs suffering from trauma and comparison of findings with radiology. RESULTS: Comparison of the results of this new ultrasound protocol for trauma patients with radiography findings for pneumothorax, pleural effusion, alveolar‐interstitial syndrome and abdominal effusion revealed positive agreement of 89, 83, 100 and 87% and negative agreement of 76, 83, 76 and 92%, respectively. Novel findings of the ‘veterinary focused assessment with sonography for trauma‐airway, breathing, circulation, disability and exposure’ exam, which were not previously reported for dogs undergoing focused assessment with sonography for trauma, included alveolar‐interstitial syndrome (suggestive of pulmonary contusions), diaphragmatic hernia, retroperitoneal effusion and tracheal injury. Our new technique may also help identify increased intracranial pressure via changes in optic nerve sheath diameter and haemodynamic instability through the evaluation of the caudal vena cava and cardiac function. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The described ultrasound examination protocol can be rapidly performed on dogs suffering from trauma during resuscitation and it may detect injuries previously undetectable using other veterinary point‐of‐care ultrasound protocols.