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Effect of knots and holes on the modulus of elasticity prediction and mapping of sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) veneer using near-infrared hyperspectral imaging (NIR-HSI)
- Sofianto, Imran Arra’d, Inagaki, Tetsuya, Ma, Te, Tsuchikawa, Satoru
- Holzforschung 2019 v.73 no.3 pp. 259-268
- Cryptomeria japonica, chemometrics, earlywood, hyperspectral imagery, knots, latewood, models, modulus of elasticity, near-infrared spectroscopy, prediction, strength (mechanics), wood
- Naturally occurring knots reduce the mechanical strength of wood. Veneers from sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) served as research material to study the effect of knots and holes. Veneer samples were first subjected to a three-point bending test to obtain measured modulus of elasticity (MOE) values. Then, near-infrared (NIR) hyperspectral imaging (HSI) was used to construct a prediction model and map the predicted MOE values. This is the first attempt for MOE prediction from the entire veneer surface based on NIR-HSI technology, while the mathematical part relies on chemometrics and cross-validation partial least squares regression (CV-PLSR). Maps of MOE prediction values could distinguish between latewood (LW) and earlywood (EW), as well as between a sound knot and a dead knot.