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FOXO1 functions in the regulation of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) expression
- Jeong, Bora, Park, Jeong Woo, Kim, Jae Geun, Lee, Byung Ju
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019
- DNA replication, angiogenesis, breast neoplasms, carcinogenesis, cell viability, gene expression, genes, humans, insulin, neoplasm cells, nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase
- Here, we report that Forkhead Box O1 (FOXO1) protein, a tumor suppressor, regulates expression of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Nampt plays an important role in the regulation of cell growth, survival, DNA replication and repair, and angiogenesis in tumorigenesis. We revealed that FOXO1 directly inhibits Nampt expression via binding to FOXO1 binding domains in the 5′-flanking region of the nampt gene. Nampt expression was increased by insulin and downstream phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling, which was inhibited by FOXO1 overexpression. Accordingly, we showed that FOXO1 is also involved in insulin signaling-induced cell survival and proliferation in MCF-7 cells. These results suggest that FOXO1 plays an important role in human breast cancer cells by regulating nampt gene expression.