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Relative growth and onset of morphological sexual maturity of the freshwater crab Sylviocarcinus pictus in a river of the Caatinga of northeastern Brazil
- Pralon, Bruno Gabriel Nunes, Pinheiro, Jenniffer Sharon, Damasceno, Victor Enzo Santos, Cavalcante, João Gabriel Farias, Alves, Douglas Fernandes Rodrigues
- Invertebrate reproduction & development 2019 v.63 no.1 pp. 23-29
- abdomen, allometry, caatinga, crabs, females, freshwater, gender differences, males, probability, reproductive success, rivers, sexual maturity, Brazil
- The aim of this study was to investigate the relative growth and onset of morphological sexual maturity of the freshwater crab Sylviocarcinus pictus. Specimens were collected every month from October 2013 to September 2014, at night, on a stretch of the river Guaribas, Piauí, Brazil. Crabs were sexed and their carapace width (CW, independent variable), carapace length (CL), cheliped propodus length (PL) and height (PH), gonopod length (GL), and abdomen width (AW) (dependent variables) were measured. These measurements were related to characterise relative growth and possible sex differences. On average males were larger than females (p = 0.0001). Size at the onset of morphological sexual maturity was defined by relating CL vs. PL for males (30.82 mm) and CL vs. AW for females (28.63 mm). These are considered secondary sexual characters and reflect initial size at morphological sexual maturity with greater precision. The differential cheliped growth of males may be related to courting and disputes with other males, while the allometric growth of the abdomen of females indicates increased probability of reproductive success.