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Early Season Grazing by Cattle of Waxy Larkspur (Delphinium glaucescens) in Central Idaho

Author:
Pfister, James A., Cook, Daniel, Gardner, Dale R., Baker, Sarah D.
Source:
Rangelands 2013 v.35 no.4 pp. 2-5
ISSN:
0190-0528
Subject:
Delphinium glaucescens, alkaloids, cattle, cattle diseases, chemical constituents of plants, death, grazing, hills, indigenous species, poisonous plants, rangelands, risk, spring, toxic substances, Idaho
Abstract:
Toxic larkspurs (Delphinium spp.) in western North America are abundant native plants on foothill and mountain rangelands. Previous analysis for toxic alkaloids in waxy larkspur indicated that this plant was highly toxic. However, no information on cattle grazing of waxy larkspur was available. We conducted a small grazing study in spring 2012 near Challis, Idaho, and found that cattle consumed sufficient quantities of waxy larkspur to become poisoned. The risk of death losses by cattle is particularly high because of the very high concentrations of alkaloids in young waxy larkspur plants.
Agid:
63221
Handle:
10113/63221