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A rapid-response room-temperature planar type gas sensor based on DPA-Ph-DBPzDCN for the sensitive detection of NH₃

He, Junming, Yan, Xianju, Liu, Ao, You, Rui, Liu, Fangmeng, Li, Siqi, Wang, Jing, Wang, Chenguang, Sun, Peng, Yan, Xu, Kang, Bonan, He, Jinghui, Wang, Yue, Lu, Geyu
Journal of materials chemistry A 2019 v.7 no.9 pp. 4744-4750
ambient temperature, ammonia, chemistry, detection limit, relative humidity, semiconductors
The development of rapid-response gas sensors for the detection of NH₃ gas at room temperature still remains a huge challenge and is limited by the poor room-temperature sensing materials and their unsatisfactory sensing characteristics. Herein, an organic semiconductor, 3,6-bis(4-(diphenylamino)phenyl)dibenzo[a,c]pyrazine-11,12-dinitrile (DPA-Ph-DBPzDCN),-based planar type sensor was successfully developed for the detection of NH₃ at room temperature. Moreover, the DPA-Ph-DBPzDCN NH₃ sensor displayed satisfactory properties including significant response/recovery characteristic, selectivity and stability under the effect of relative humidity. Especially, at 98% RH, it had the highest response value of 72.73% to 100 ppm NH₃, and the detection limit could be as low as 2 ppm. Furthermore, the sensor showed the rapid response and recovery times of 48 s and 15 s to 20 ppm NH₃, respectively, good repeatability and stability. In addition, the excellent gas-sensing property of DPA-Ph-DBPzDCN was explained and attributed to the interaction between NH₃ and the N-group of DPA-Ph-DBPzDCN. These results obtained from a series of studies provide a new strategy and methodology for the development of room-temperature ammonia gas sensors.