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Applied potential-dependent performance of the nickel cobalt oxysulfide nanotube/nickel molybdenum oxide nanosheet core–shell structure in energy storage and oxygen evolution

Chiu, Kuan-Lin, Lin, Lu-Yin
Journal of materials chemistry A 2019 v.7 no.9 pp. 4626-4639
batteries, cobalt, cobalt sulfide, electrical conductivity, electrochemistry, electrodes, energy, molybdenum, nanosheets, nanotubes, nickel, oxidation, oxygen production, surface area
Nickel cobalt sulfide is widely applied to energy storage and electrocatalysis owing to its high electrical conductivity and multiple oxidation states. This study proposes NiCo₂S₄ and NiCo₂OₓSy@NiMoO₄ core–shell structures as energy storage materials and electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction. A higher specific capacity of 2.22 mA h cm⁻² (168.18 mA h g⁻¹) at 10 mA cm⁻² is obtained for the NiCo₂OₓSy@NiMoO₄ electrode which is applied as the battery-type electrode in the battery supercapacitor hybrid, but a better electrocatalytic activity is achieved for the NiCo₂S₄ electrode with a smaller overpotential of 1.567 VRHE at 0.12 A cm⁻² and a smaller Tafel slope of 86.1 mV dec⁻¹. The electrochemically active surface area (ECSA) is larger for NiCo₂S₄ due to the nanoparticle-assembled nanotube wall, whereas NiCo₂OₓSy@NiMoO₄ shows higher electrical conductivity owing to the presence of molybdenum. Different performances in energy storage and electrocatalysis for NiCo₂S₄ and NiCo₂OₓSy@NiMoO₄ nanomaterials are caused by different potentials applied for driving the electrochemical reactions. This study for the first time proves that the trade-off between ECSA and electrical conductivity is important for designing nanomaterials applied in different electrochemical fields.