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SHG-enhanced NIR-excited in vitro photodynamic therapy using composite nanoparticles of barium titanate and rose Bengal

Sun, Xianhe, Ji, Zhang, He, Sailing
RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.14 pp. 8056-8064
absorption, barium titanate, human cell lines, nanoparticles, near infrared radiation, photochemotherapy, photosensitizing agents, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, rare earth elements, reactive oxygen species
Near infrared (NIR) light excited photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been considered as a possible way to increase the therapy depth. Besides the traditional two-photon excited PDT and upconversion PDT by rare-earth ion materials, SHG has drawn much attention recently to act as an additional choice to achieve NIR light excited PDT. Herein, by using the electrostatic absorption method, barium titanate and rose Bengal composite nanoparticles (BT@PAH/RB/PAH, BT–RB) were synthesized. Compared with rose Bengal (RB) molecules and a mixture of barium titanate nanoparticles and RB (BT + RB), BT–RB nanoparticles were shown to be able to produce more reactive oxygen species (ROS) ex vivo and in vitro. Afterwards, the SHG-enhanced localized PDT was applied on Hela cells, in which BT–RB nanoparticles showed a better performance than BT + RB. Our work has shown that the SHG-enhanced PDT has good prospects and the close combination of harmonic nanoparticles and photosensitizers may facilitate the development of novel reagents for NIR light excited PDT.