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Photochemical Transformation of Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) and Its Effects on Enzymatic Hydrolyzability
- De Hoe, Guilhem X., Zumstein, Michael T., Getzinger, Gordon J., Rüegsegger, Isabelle, Kohler, Hans-Peter E., Maurer-Jones, Melissa A., Sander, Michael, Hillmyer, Marc A., McNeill, Kristopher
- Environmental science & technology 2019 v.53 no.5 pp. 2472-2481
- biodegradability, biodegradation, crosslinking, enzymatic hydrolysis, hydrolysis, irradiation, mass spectrometry, mulching, photochemistry, plastic film, plastics, polyesters, thermal analysis, ultraviolet radiation
- Biodegradable polyesters are being increasingly used to replace conventional, nondegradable polymers in agricultural applications such as plastic film for mulching. For many of these applications, poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) is a promising biodegradable material. However, PBAT is also susceptible to photochemical transformations. To better understand how photochemistry affects the biodegradability of PBAT, we irradiated blown, nonstabilized, transparent PBAT films and studied their enzymatic hydrolysis, which is considered the rate-limiting step in polyester biodegradation. In parallel, we characterized the irradiated PBAT films by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis. The rate of enzymatic PBAT hydrolysis decreased when the density of light-induced cross-links within PBAT exceeded a certain threshold. Mass-spectrometric analysis of the enzymatic hydrolysis products of irradiated PBAT films provided evidence for radical-based cross-linking of two terephthalate units that resulted in the formation of benzophenone-like molecules. In a proof-of-principle experiment, we demonstrated that the addition of photostabilizers to PBAT films mitigated the negative effect of UV irradiation on the enzymatic hydrolyzability of PBAT. This work advances the understanding of light-induced changes on the enzyme-mediated hydrolysis of aliphatic-aromatic polyesters and will therefore have important implications for the development of biodegradable plastics.