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Dynamic changes of fatty acids and minerals in sow milk during lactation

Hu, Ping, Yang, Huairong, Lv, Bo, Zhao, Daoyuan, Wang, Jing, Zhu, Weiyun
Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition 2019 v.103 no.2 pp. 603-611
calcium, colostrum, copper, diet, industry, iron, lactation, magnesium, manganese, mineral content, minerals, nutritionists, phosphorus, piglets, polyunsaturated fatty acids, potassium, sodium, sow milk, sows, zinc
The objective of the present study was to explore the changes in fatty acids (FAs) and minerals composition in sow milk in order to improve the knowledge about FAs and mineral requirements for piglets. The FAs and minerals composition in the sow milk samples which were collected from ten sows during a period of 16 days of lactation was analysed. The proportion of FAs in sow milk has a significant increase in C8:0, C10:0, C12:0, C14:0, C16:0, C14:1 and C16:1 FAs and the sum of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) according to the lactation period (p < 0.05). The proportion of C18:2 cis‐9,12 FA and the sum of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) significantly decreased with the advancing of lactation (p < 0.05). The concentrations of minerals, including potassium, copper, manganese and zinc, were higher on day 1 and day 2 than those on day 13 and day 16 (p < 0.05). On the contrary, the lowest concentrations of calcium, sodium, magnesium and iron and the lowest molar calcium: phosphorus ratio emerged in colostrum (p < 0.05). In summary, our results demonstrated FAs profile and minerals concentrations were changed with lactation period. Better understanding of the changes of FAs and minerals may be valuable to swine nutritionists in the commercial industry. In addition, those results provided some meaningful information for sow's diet formulation during lactation.