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The effect of copper nanoparticles and copper (II) salt on redox reactions and epigenetic changes in a rat model

Ognik, Katarzyna, Cholewińska, Ewelina, Juśkiewicz, Jerzy, Zduńczyk, Zenon, Tutaj, Krzysztof, Szlązak, Radosław
Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition 2019 v.103 no.2 pp. 675-686
DNA, DNA methylation, animal models, carbonates, catalase, copper, copper nanoparticles, diet, epigenetics, ferroxidase, glutathione, lipid peroxides, malondialdehyde, oxidation, proteins, rats
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a diet containing different levels of Cu in two different chemical forms (carbonate and nanoparticles) on redox reactions and epigenetic changes in a rat model. For 4 weeks, five experimental groups (eight rats in each) were fed diets with two dosages of added Cu (standard—6.5 mg/kg or half of the standard dosage—3.25 mg/kg, and as a negative control no additional Cu in the mineral mixture) in two forms (standard—CuCO₃ and copper nanoparticles). Addition of Cu nanoparticles resulted in higher Cp (ceruloplasmin) activity and LOOH (lipid peroxides) and MDA (malondialdehyde) content, as well as decrease the CAT (catalase) activity and level of PC (protein carbonyl), 3‐NT (3‐nitrotyrosine), 8‐OHdG (8‐hydroxydeoxyguanosine), GSH + GSSG (total glutathione) and DNA methylation. Reducing the dose of copper resulted in a decrease in the level of LOOH and GSH + GSSG as well as CAT activity, but increased the level of PC and methylated DNA. Based on these evidence, we concluded that addition of copper nanoparticles in the diet reduces protein oxidation and nitration as well as DNA oxidation and methylation. Lowering the level of Cu in the diet increases the oxidation of proteins and DNA methylation.