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Truck‐mounted area‐wide applications of larvicides and adulticides for extended suppression of adult Aedes albopictus

Unlu, Isik, Faraji, Ary, Williams, Gregory M, Marcombe, Sebastien, Fonseca, Dina M, Gaugler, Randy
Pest management science 2019 v.75 no.4 pp. 1115-1122
Aedes albopictus, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis, adulticides, adults, bioassays, containers, disease control, immatures, integrated pest management, larvicides, mammals, population dynamics, prallethrin, pyriproxyfen, residential areas, toxicity, vector control, vector-borne diseases, New Jersey
BACKGROUND: Given the lack of vaccines for most vector‐borne diseases, vector control is often the primary option for disease control. Aedes albopictus are difficult to control because the immatures primarily develop in containers ubiquitous in residential properties. Conventional adulticide campaigns often result in brief, rebounding population declines, so incorporating new techniques into an integrated pest management program is imperative. We performed combined area‐wide applications of the larvicides Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis and pyriproxyfen with the adulticide sumithrin and prallethrin to achieve extended suppression of Ae. albopictus populations in Trenton, NJ, USA. We deployed bioassay cups to assess the spatial penetration and efficacy of the applications. RESULTS: Inhibition of adult emergence was significantly higher in the treatment bioassay cups than in laboratory controls (z = 4.65, P < 0.0001) and field control bioassay cups (z = 8.93, P < 0.0001). We observed a lower trend in adult numbers following season‐long combined application of pyriproxyfen and adulticide, with numbers of adult Ae. albopictus at the treatment site up to five times lower than at the control site. CONCLUSION: Pyriproxyfen is a powerful mosquito larvicide and pupacide with low mammalian toxicity that shows promise for area‐wide vehicle‐mounted (either ground or airborne) applications. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry