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Biopolymeric films obtained from the parenchyma cells of Agave salmiana leaves
- Silva-Mendoza, Julio, Cantú-Cárdenas, María Elena, Vazquez-Rodriguez, Sofia, Toxqui-Terán, Alberto, Chávez-Guerrero, Leonardo
- Cellulose 2019 v.26 no.3 pp. 1869-1879
- Agave salmiana, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, cellulose, crystal structure, hydrolysis, leaves, optical properties, scanning electron microscopy, solubilization
- Here, we report a non-aggressive method to obtain nanocellulose (NC) from the parenchyma of Agave salmiana leaves. This is accomplished by using a low concentration of a “piranha solution” to achieve solubilization and remove non-cellulosic components, isolating the NC in a single hydrolysis step. X-ray diffraction analysis has shown an increase in the crystallinity index of cellulose from 35 to 60 a result of the hydrolysis, and analysis by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy demonstrated that the cellulose had been purified. To test the thermal, mechanical, and optical properties of the NC, it was used to produce a paper. Analysis by scanning electron microscopy showed that the paper was formed from cellulose nanoplatelets (CNPs) stacked on top of each other.