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Socioeconomic, agricultural, and individual factors influencing farmers’ perceptions and willingness of compost production and use: an evidence from Wadi al-Far’a Watershed-Palestine
- Al-Madbouh, Suha, Al-Khatib, Issam A., Al-Sari, Majed I., Salahat, Jumana I., Jararaa, Baraa Y. A., Ribbe, Lars
- Environmental monitoring and assessment 2019 v.191 no.4 pp. 209
- agricultural wastes, agrochemicals, animals, bivariate analysis, burning, chi-square distribution, composts, cultivation area, descriptive statistics, emissions, farmers, greenhouse gases, income, interviews, irrigation, land tenure, leachates, marketing strategies, pesticides, questionnaires, regression analysis, soil amendments, waste disposal, watersheds, Palestine
- In Palestine, open dumping and/or burning the waste, including agricultural waste, are prevalent practices resulting in emitting leachate and acidifying greenhouse gases. Composting the agricultural waste can reduce emissions and provide ‘compost’ as an organic fertilizer and soil amendment; yet, it has not been implemented at the national level. To develop a local marketing strategy for compost, this study views a need to identify farmers’ perceptions and willingness of compost production and use in agriculture and examine various socioeconomic, agricultural, and individual factors shaping them. The case of Wadi al-Far’a watershed (WFW) is investigated, where farmers practice inappropriate waste disposal and overuse of agrochemicals. A semi-structured questionnaire is administered to 409 farmers through face-to-face interviews. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, Chi-square test, and binary logistic regression are used for data analysis. High acceptance level (84%) is disclosed among farmers in WFW for the hypothetical idea of producing and using compost. Farmers also have high, yet lower, willingness level (63.6%) of the more salient option of producing compost themselves and using it in agriculture. Tenure systems, large cultivated areas, rainfed irrigation, and lack of access to training sessions inhibit farmers’ acceptance of the idea of compost production (overall p value = 0.000). Large cultivated areas and rainfed irrigation is also associated with farmers’ unwillingness to produce compost, besides high household monthly income, animal or mixed animal-plant farming, experience in compost production, and use of pesticides (overall p value = 0.000).