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A B-box zinc finger protein, MdBBX10, enhanced salt and drought stresses tolerance in Arabidopsis

Liu, Xin, Li, Rong, Dai, Yaqing, Yuan, Li, Sun, Qinghua, Zhang, Shizhong, Wang, Xiaoyun
Plant molecular biology 2019 v.99 no.4-5 pp. 437-447
Arabidopsis, abscisic acid, apples, enzyme activity, flowering, gene expression regulation, gene overexpression, genes, germination, hydrogen peroxide, leaves, messenger RNA, morphogenesis, polyethylene glycol, promoter regions, proteins, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, roots, salt stress, sodium chloride, transgenic plants, zinc finger motif
KEY MESSAGE: The expression of MdBBX10 was significantly induced by different stresses and ABA treatments. Overexpression of MdBBX10 in Arabidopsis significantly enhanced abiotic stresses tolerance by ABA signalling. The roles of B-box domain(s) containing proteins (BBXs) in regulation of flowering and light morphogenesis of plants were intensively studied. However, the roles of plant BBXs in abiotic stresses are poorly understood. A B-box protein encoding gene from apple (MdBBX10) was found to be up-regulated from gene expression profile under salt stress. qRT-PCR analysis indicated that the expression of MdBBX10 was significantly induced by different stresses and exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) in apple roots and leaves. The β-glucuronidase activity driven by the promoter of MdBBX10 was also strongly induced by NaCl, H₂O₂, polyethylene glycol and exogenous ABA, which was consistent to the existence of rich cis-acting elements related to the abiotic stresses in the promoter sequence. Over-expression of MdBBX10 in Arabidopsis significantly enhanced tolerance to abiotic stresses, with higher germination ratio and longer length of roots than the wild type plants. Transgenic plants of over-expressing MdBBX10 lines were more sensitive to exogenous ABA than the wild type plants. Under abiotic stress treatments, the transcript levels of ABA- and stress-related genes were higher in MdBBX10-overexpressing plants than wild type plants. Over-expression of MdBBX10 could enhance plant’s ability to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) under stresses, which is correlated with the expression of ROS-scavenging genes. These results provided the evidences that MdBBX10 plays an important role in enhanced plant tolerance to abiotic stresses, which were involved in ABA-mediated response and ROS response.