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Occurrence, fate, and transport of potentially toxic metals (PTMs) in an alkaline rhizosphere soil-plant (Maize, Zea mays L.) system: the role of Bacillus subtilis

Author:
Li, Xiaoping, Cai, Yue, Liu, Dongying, Ai, Yuwei, Zhang, Meng, Gao, Yu, Zhang, Yuchao, Zhang, Xu, Yan, Xiangyang, Liu, Bin, Yu, Hongtao, Mielke, Howard W.
Source:
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.6 pp. 5564-5576
ISSN:
0944-1344
Subject:
Bacillus subtilis, Zea mays, alkaline soils, antimony, chromium, community structure, copper, corn, food chain, fractionation, lead, microbial communities, microorganisms, nickel, rhizosphere, risk, roots, stabilizers, toxicity, zinc
Abstract:
Utilization of microbes is one of the most promising methods to remediate potentially toxic metals (PTMs) from soil. In this study, a systematic investigation was conducted to study the influence of Bacillus subtilis on PTMs occurrence, fractionation, translocation, and accumulation in the rhizosphere soil of Maize (Zea mays L.) in pot experiments. B. subtilis showed strong effects on the fate and mobility of Pb, Sb, Ni, Zn, Cu, and Cr, and it also affected PTMs’ distribution in the rhizosphere soil, maize growth, and microbial community structure. Results showed that it was easier for Zn to accumulate in maize roots than other PTMs. According to chemical fractionation, B. subtilis tended to immobilize Pb, Sb, Ni, Zn, and Cu in the rhizosphere soil. Compared with other PTMs, Cr tended to be more available and more mobile, which indicated a higher health risk to the eco-environment. These findings suggested that B. subtilis could be used as a geomicrobiological stabilizer to immobilize PTMs (Pb, Sb, Ni, Cu, Zn) in alkaline soils and decrease their uptake by plants, thus reducing the risks of a potential transfer into the food chain.
Agid:
6325370