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One-step synthesis of versatile magnetic nanoparticles for efficiently removing emulsified oil droplets and cationic and anionic heavy metal ions from the aqueous environment
- Lü, Ting, Qi, Dongming, Zhang, Dong, Zhang, Chuan, Zhao, Hongting
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.6 pp. 6153-6166
- adsorption, chromium, copper, diesel fuel, droplets, heavy metals, industrial wastewater, ionic strength, iron oxides, magnetism, metal ions, nanoparticles, olive oil, pH, polyethyleneimine, sodium dodecyl sulfate, sorption isotherms, temperature
- Versatile polyethyleneimine (PEI)-coated Fe₃O₄ magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have been synthesized by a one-step solvothermal method. The morphologies, structures, and properties of MNPs prepared for different reaction times have been characterized through various techniques. The synthesized MNPs were then used to separate emulsified oil and cationic and anionic heavy metal ions from the aqueous environment; moreover, the effects of the temperature, pH, and ionic strength of aqueous media, the solvothermal reaction time, and the number of reuse cycles on the removal efficiency have been investigated in detail. The results showed that pseudo-second-order kinetics and the Langmuir isotherm well described the adsorption processes of Cu(II) and Cr(VI). The Langmuir model yielded maximum adsorption capacities of 66.6 mg g⁻¹ for Cu(II) and 54.5 mg g⁻¹ for Cr(VI) at pH 5.0 and 25 °C. The synthetic MNPs could also efficiently separate diesel oil or olive oil droplets stabilized by sodium dodecyl sulfate from aqueous media. Moreover, these MNPs could be recycled five times without showing significant loss in separation efficiency. Notably, the synthesized PEI-coated MNPs could simultaneously separate emulsified oil and cationic and anionic heavy metal ions from multicomponent wastewater. Such versatile PEI-coated MNPs displayed good affinity towards emulsified oil and cationic and anionic heavy metal ions, showing great potential for practical applications in the treatment of complicated industrial wastewater matrices. Graphical abstract Simultaneous separation of emulsified oil and cationic and anionic heavy metal ions from aqueous media by using polyethyleneimine-coated Fe₃O₄ magnetic nanoparticles.