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Haplotype diversity in medically important red scorpion (Scorpiones: Buthidae: Hottentotta tamulus) from India

Suranse, Vivek, Sawant, Nitin S., Bastawade, D. B., Dahanukar, Neelesh
Journal of genetics 2019 v.98 no.1 pp. 17
Buthidae, cytochrome-c oxidase, genes, genetic variation, geographical distribution, haplotypes, mitochondria, nucleotide sequences, probability analysis, rain, variance, India
The medically important Indian red scorpion, Hottentotta tamulus, is one of the most poisonous scorpions of Indian subcontinent. We studied the haplotype diversity in eight populations of H. tamulus based on mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) partial gene sequence. Analyses revealed 22 haplotypes with a haplotype diversity of 0.941 and nucleotide diversity of 0.023. For the first two codon positions both transition and transversion types of substitutions were equally likely and the test for neutrality was not rejected. However, codon substitution pattern indicated that the gene has experienced purifying selection. Model-based clustering method indicated that the eight populations form three groups that correspond to high, moderate and low rainfall areas, indicating that there is biogeographical separation of haplotypes. Populations from three groups formed distinct clades in maximum likelihood analysis and median joining genetic network and were statistically supported by low within group and high among group variation in analyses of molecular variance. We provide the first account of haplotype diversity in Indian red scorpions and their biogeographical separation.