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Evaluation of Genomic DNA-Extraction Methods for Molecular Analysis of Solanecio biafrae

Opabode, Jelili T., Raji, Iqmot B.
International journal of vegetable science 2019 v.25 no.2 pp. 111-123
DNA, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, gel electrophoresis, genomics, humid tropics, leaves, microsatellite repeats, mineral content, minerals, polymerase chain reaction, sodium dodecyl sulfate, vegetables, vegetative growth
Solanecio biafrae (Oliv. & Hiern) C. Jеffrеу, an indigenous vegetable of the humid tropics, is rich in minerals and easy to cultivate, but its vegetative growth is slow, making production fall short of demand. An efficient and effective genomic DNA-extraction method is necessary for a comprehensive molecular analysis to increase leaf yield and further improve proximate and mineral contents of the vegetable. Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and Qiagen kit (QIAGEN) methods were evaluated for extraction of genomic DNA from young leaves suitable for PCR amplification for molecular analyses. Quantity and quality of the DNA were examined spectrophotometerically and with gel electrophoresis. Amplification of the DNA by PCR for molecular analysis was assessed with five inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) primers. The mean DNA yield using QIAGEN, CTAB, and SDS methods were 71.0, 35.4, and 38.8 µg∙µL⁻¹∙g⁻¹ of tissue, respectively. The mean 260/280 nm ratios of QIAGEN, CTAB, and SDS were 1.84, 1.83, and 1.79, respectively. Gel electrophoresis indicated presence of DNA free of contaminants in all samples using three methods. A total of 270 distinct bands were produced by five ISSR primers with similar patterns among three DNA-extraction methods, ranging from 200–2900 base pairs. Three methods are capable of extracting adequate genomic DNA suitable for PCR amplification. The QIAGEN method produced the highest DNA yield, which was of the same quality with DNA obtained using CTAB and SDS methods.