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Spatial distribution and association of banana (Musa spp.) Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense) epidemics with biophysical factors in southwestern Ethiopia

Gudero Mengesha, Getachew, Terefe Yetayew, Habtamu, Kesho Sako, Asela
Archiv für Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz 2018 v.51 no.11-12 pp. 575-601
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense, Fusarium wilt, Musa, bananas, crop year, cropping systems, cultivars, disease control, disease incidence, disease outbreaks, farmers, farms, males, models, plant density, planting date, probability, surveys, weed control, Ethiopia
Field surveys were conducted in 2014 and 2015 to determine the distribution and association of wilt incidence with biophysical factors. Spatio-temporal analysis of wilt epidemics in the farms revealed a wide distribution of the disease. Cropping year, district, cultivar, crop density, planting date, weeding, sucker and bud management, source of moisture and planting materials, presence/absence of wilt in neighboring farms, disease management practices, farmers awareness towards wilt diseases, planting date and cropping system were significantly associated with disease incidence in a multiple-variable model. A wilt incidence of ≤30% had high probability of association to good weed, sucker and male bud management practices, high level of farmers awareness towards wilt, low population density, disease-free suckers, rainfed production, absence of wilt in neighboring farms and good disease management schemes. Findings of this study showed Fusarium wilt is a major constraint and need for on-farm trainings to concerned bodies about wilt management schemes.