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Enhanced thermal conductivity of nanofluid-based ethylene glycol containing Cu nanoparticles decorated on a Gr–MWCNT hybrid material
- Van Trinh, Pham, Anh, Nguyen Ngoc, Thang, Bui Hung, Quang, Le Dinh, Hong, Nguyen Tuan, Hong, Nguyen Manh, Khoi, Phan Hong, Minh, Phan Ngoc, Hong, Phan Ngoc
- RSC advances 2016 v.7 no.1 pp. 318-326
- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, chemical reduction, copper nanoparticles, ethylene glycol, graphene, nanofluids, prediction, scanning electron microscopy, surface area, theoretical models, thermal conductivity, transmission electron microscopy
- In this study, nanofluid based ethylene glycol (EG) containing Cu nanoparticles decorated on a Gr–MWCNT hybrid material (Gr–MWCNT/Cu) was synthesized successfully for the first time via a chemical reduction method. The SEM, HRTEM, FTIR and XRD studies revealed that Cu nanoparticles with an average diameter of 18 nm were well decorated on the surface of both MWCNTs and graphene sheets. The nanofluids containing Gr–MWCNT/Cu material showed good stability and a maximum thermal conductivity enhancement of 41% at 60 °C for the nanofluid containing 0.035 vol% material compared to EG alone. The enhancement is due to the combination of the high thermal conductivity of graphene, CNT and Cu nanoparticles as well as the higher surface area of the Gr–MWCNT/Cu hybrid structure. Experimental results of thermal conductivity were evaluated using different theoretical models, amongst which the Hamilton–Crosser model was found suitable for predicting the thermal conductivity of the nanofluid.