Main content area

Protective role of hazelnut peptides on oxidative stress injury in human umbilical vein endothelial cells

Fang, Li, Ren, Dayong, Wang, Zuhao, Liu, Chunlei, Wang, Ji, Min, Weihong
Journal of food biochemistry 2019 v.43 no.3 pp. e12722
Corylus heterophylla, NAD(P)H oxidase (H2O2-forming), NADP (coenzyme), Western blotting, antioxidant activity, carbohydrates, catalase, cell growth, crude protein, dietary fiber, drugs, enzyme activity, functional foods, glutathione peroxidase, hazelnuts, human umbilical vein endothelial cells, immunomodulation, ingredients, lactate dehydrogenase, lipids, malondialdehyde, nutritive value, oxidative stress, peptides, polymerase chain reaction, protective effect, protein hydrolysates, reactive oxygen species, superoxide dismutase, vitamins, China
The crude protein hydrolysates of wild hazel have good immunoregulation and antioxidation effects. However, the components responsible for their antioxidation effect remain unknown. In this study, six antioxidative peptides (EW, DWDPK, ADGF, SGAF, ETTL, and AGGF) were tested for their protective effects on oxidative stress injury in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The results demonstrated that the six peptides are nontoxic and have a protective effect on oxidative stress injury induced by Ang II. Three peptides (EW, ADGF, and DWDPK) inhibited the morphological changes, downregulated the content of lactate dehydrogenase and malondialdehyde, upregulated the activity of antioxidant enzymes catalase, total superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase, and scavenged reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HUVECs. Quantitative reverse transcriptive polymerase chain reaction and western blot assays indicated that these three peptides regulated NADPH oxidase activity and ROS production by reducing NOX4 and p22phox levels. Overall, they have a significant protective effect against oxidative stress injury and have potential application in developing new functional foods. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Corylus heterophylla Fisch is a good quality wild hazel distributed in Northeast China. Wild hazelnut of the species C. heterophylla Fisch was selected as experimental object and has high nutritive values and have abundant proteins (20%–30%), fats (40%–50%), carbohydrates (13%–24%), dietary fibers (8.2%–9.6%), vitamins, and micronutrients. Our results indicate that hazelnut peptides (EW, ADGF, and DWDPK) can ensure normal growth of cells by protecting important antioxidant enzyme systems, by enhancing antioxidant defense, by directly affecting nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activity, and by reducing intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in HUVECs, indicating that the three antioxidative peptides have a protective effect against Ang II‐induced oxidative stress injury. Therefore, the antioxidative peptides from C. heterophylla Fisch may be a promising candidate for functional food ingredients and/or pharmaceuticals.