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Use of multi‐criteria decision‐making for selecting spillway type and optimizing dimensions by applying the harmony search algorithm: Qeshlagh Dam Case Study

Hassanvand, Mohammad R., Karami, Hojat, Mousavi, Sayed‐Farhad
Lakes & reservoirs 2019 v.24 no.1 pp. 66-75
algorithms, case studies, civil engineering, floods, lakes, multi-criteria decision making, spillways, Iran
Economic considerations are significantly important in designing a dam and its related hydraulic structures. Considering the methods used for economic design of hydraulic structures such as a spillway, they are also dependent on the construction costs of the spillway. In addition to the spillway type and capacity being associated with the magnitude of floods. Selecting different options of a spillway, considering all their aspects, has always been one of the biggest issues in decision‐making. The present study determined the best spillway type (free‐flow, stepped, semicircular and cylindrical) for Qeshlagh Dam, Iran, by considering different aspects (costs, time and performance) and using the TOPSIS method. The obtained dimensions of the spillway from multi‐criteria decision‐making were then optimized using meta‐heuristic Harmony Search Algorithm (HSA). The results identified a free‐flow spillway was the best option in terms of cost and time, whereas a cylindrical spillway is the best choice in terms of performance. The optimal free‐flow spillway length is 31.8 m, and height is 3.45 m, being capable of passing a flood discharge of 452 m³/s. This discharge was calculated by a reservoir routing method. Moreover, the obtained solution led to reducing the spillway construction costs, one of the most important issues in civil engineering projects.