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Characterization of cottage cheese using Weissella cibaria D30: Physicochemical, antioxidant, and antilisterial properties

Kariyawasam, K.M.G.M.M., Jeewanthi, R.K.C., Lee, N.-K., Paik, H.-D.
Journal of dairy science 2019 v.102 no.5 pp. 3887-3893
2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Listeria monocytogenes, Weissella cibaria, antibacterial properties, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, bacteria, cottage cheese, dairy industry, detection limit, pH, probiotics, starter cultures, total solids
This study aimed to evaluate the potential of Weissella cibaria D30 as an adjunct culture in cottage cheese, including an assessment of antioxidant, antilisterial, and compositional parameters. Cottage cheese samples were manufactured using a commercial starter culture and probiotic strains Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (GG) or W. cibaria D30 (W) and without probiotic (control). Samples were stored at 4 ± 1°C for 28 d. Bacterial cell counts (log cfu/g) of control, GG, and W samples were counted at 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28 d. Counts of W. cibaria D30 in the W samples remained at 6.85 log cfu/g after 28 d. Total solids, fat, protein, ash, and pH were measured and no significant differences were observed in compositional parameters or pH after 28 d of storage in all cheeses except those inoculated to Listeria monocytogenes. To measure the antilisterial effect, Listeria monocytogenes was inoculated into the cottage cheese samples and bacterial cell counts were obtained at 0, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, and 144 h. Listeria monocytogenes counts were less than the analytical limit of detection (<10 cfu/g) in the inoculated GG and W samples, whereas the counts of L. monocytogenes in the inoculated control sample remained at 3.0 log cfu/g after 144 h. We used the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and ABTS [2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)] radical scavenging activity assays to assess antioxidant activity: GG and W samples exhibited significant increases in antioxidant activity compared with the control sample. These results indicate that W. cibaria D30 has potential as an adjunct culture in the dairy industry.