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Investigating the effect of lipase from Candida rugosa on the production of EPA and DHA concentrates from Kilka fish (Clupeonella cultiventris caspia)
- Hosseini, Hamed, Ghorbani, Mohammad, Jafari, Seid Mahdi, Mahoonak, Alireza Sadeghi
- Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + [i.e. und] Technologie 2018 v.93 pp. 534-541
- Candida rugosa, Clupeonella, acidity, carboxylic ester hydrolases, docosahexaenoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, fish, fish oils, glycerol, oleic acid, omega-3 fatty acids, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, stearic acid, triacylglycerols
- Candida rugosa lipase (CRL) was used to concentrate n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) by removing non n-3 PUFA from glycerol backbone of triacylglycerol (TAG) in Kilka fish oil. The acidity value of the reaction mixture was inversely proportional to the concentrated glyceride yield, with a correlation coefficient (R2) ranging from 0.82 to 0.98. Releasing the fatty acids from TAGs was significantly (P < 0.05) increased by decrease in water-to-oil ratio from 3 to 1, or by increasing the amount of enzyme (0.50–2%) over 3 h of reaction time. The lipase preference for the constituent fatty acids was in the decreasing order: palmitoleic acid > oleic acid ≥ palmitic acid > stearic acid > EPA > DHA. The discrimination of CRL against eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was significantly reduced throughout the reaction time (0–180 min). According to full factorial optimization results, the maximum recovery levels of DHA (72.10%) and EPA (33.60%), as well as minimum recovery levels of SFA (22.49%) and MUFA (18.62%) in the glyceride product were obtained through a condition comprising water-to-oil ratio of 1, 2% enzyme and 1 h, which were considered as optimum conditions.