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Effect of the method of rapeseed oil aromatisation with rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis L. on the content of volatile fraction
- Kowalski, Radosław, Kowalska, Grażyna, Pankiewicz, Urszula, Mazurek, Artur, Sujka, Monika, Włodarczyk-Stasiak, Marzena, Kałwa, Klaudia
- Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + [i.e. und] Technologie 2018 v.95 pp. 40-46
- 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, Rosmarinus officinalis, antioxidant activity, aromatization, cineole, essential oils, free radicals, maceration, microwave treatment, rapeseed oil, rosemary, sonication, volatile compounds
- The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of aromatisation of rapeseed oil with rosemary on the content of volatile substances and to analyze the antioxidant properties of the aromatised oils obtained. Rapeseed oil is flavoured by direct addition of rosemary essential oil (F) and by classical macerations of rosemary herb (A, B) as well as by ultrasound assisted maceration (C, D) and microwave assisted maceration (E). The dominant aromatic component was 1,8-cineole whose concentration varied within the range from 25.17 μg/ml in macerate C (sonication, 60 min, 25 °C) to 38.61 μg/ml in macerate D (sonication, 300 min, 25 °C), while in variant F (mixture of oil with essential oil) the content of 1,8-cineole was 1093.21 μg/ml. In spite of the highest concentration of volatile compounds in the sample aromatised through direct addition of essential oil, that variant was characterised by the lowest antioxidant activity. In terms of the capacity for quenching DPPH radicals the most effective were the macerates obtained with the use of sonication.