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Comparative study on the hydrodynamics and mixing characteristics of a new-type particle mixer

Meng, Zhenliang, Liu, Mengxi, Xie, Junming, Wang, Wei, Lu, Chunxi
Powder technology 2018 v.332 pp. 90-105
fluidized beds, heat transfer, hydrodynamics, mass transfer, mixing, models, powders, prediction, product quality
The characteristics of particle flow and mixing have a considerable influence on mass and heat transfer, as well as product quality. In order to further enhance the particle mixing in an internally circulating fluidized bed (ICFB), especially along the radial direction, four slots were opened on the draft tube of an ICFB mixer. Hydrodynamic characteristics were investigated by using a multi-scale computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model incorporating the EMMS drag. The prediction in terms of cross-sectionally averaged solid holdup and particle velocity were compared to experimental data for validation. Compared with a traditional ICFB mixer, the new mixer with four slots opening on the draft tube presents strong radial particle flow through the slots, and thereby provides better mixing performance. It is found that nearly 25.4% to 29.7% of gas in the draft tube bypasses and flows through the slots into the annulus. With increase in the superficial gas velocity in the draft tube from 0.3 m/s to 0.45 m/s, the total particle circulation mass flux in the new ICFB mixer increases from 4.87 kg/s to 10.86 kg/s. The mixing index reaches about 0.98 in the new ICFB mixer.