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Development of a new cultivar with high yield and high-temperature tolerance by crossbreeding of Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyta)

Niwa, Kyosuke, Kobiyama, Atsushi
Aquaculture 2019 v.506 pp. 30-34
Undaria pinnatifida, climate change, crossing, cultivars, farms, females, gametophytes, males, new variety, seawater, sporophytes, stress tolerance, temperature, zoospores, Sea of Japan
Recent production of the marine crop Undaria pinnatifida has become unstable due to rising temperatures caused by global climate change. The cultivar HGU-1 was bred in a previous study to achieve early cultivation. A new cultivar, NW-1, was bred for improved yield and stress tolerance. This was achieved by crossbreeding using male and female gametophytes, each isolated from a single zoospore. To evaluate whether the cultivar NW-1 is superior to the previous cultivar HGU-1, we compared their growth characteristics in an Undaria farm, in the eastern Seto Inland Sea of Japan. Despite the early start of nursery cultivation, due to a high seawater temperature of 24.5 °C, many young sporophytes of NW-1 grew on strings wound around the collector, whereas most of the HGU-1 sporophytes fell from the strings. After nursery cultivation, seawater temperature during rope cultivation was remarkably higher than usual. Nevertheless, the mean total length and weight of NW-1 were 115.5 cm and 140.1 g, respectively, at the end of December. In contrast, the mean total length and weight of HGU-1, at the corresponding time, were 85.4 cm and 58.1 g, respectively. Moreover, the growth and weight of the NW-1 sporophytes were significantly higher than those of HGU-1 throughout experimental cultivation. These results demonstrate that NW-1 is an excellent cultivar with a high yield and high-temperature tolerance.