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Role of hemoglobin in hemoglobin-based remediation of the crude oil-contaminated soil

Hong, Jin-Kyung, Jho, Eun Hea, Choi, Hyo Sub, Kang, Guyoung
The Science of the total environment 2018 v.627 pp. 1174-1181
bacterial communities, carbon dioxide, catalysts, community structure, gene dosage, hemoglobin, hydrogen peroxide, metabolism, phylogeny, polluted soils, remediation, ribosomal RNA
This study investigated the changes in the indigenous microbial community structure with hemoglobin (Hb) application to determine the role of Hb in Hb-based remediation of crude oil-contaminated soil. The phylogenetic diversity of the bacterial community showed that the Hb addition selected surfactants-producing species, thereby, promoting TPH degradation. The significant increase in the CO2 generation, which can be related to the increase in the bacterial abundance inferred from the 16S rRNA gene copy number, supports the enhanced TPH degradation with Hb application. The similar residual TPH concentrations in the presence of only hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and both Hb and H2O2 suggested that the role of Hb as a catalyst was not as significant as the role of Hb as a nutrient. Also, in the presence of H2O2, a greater recovery of the microbial community structure was observed with the double Hb injection than the single Hb injection. Overall, this study shows that the Hb-based remediation strategies via microbial metabolism can be successfully applied to remediate the crude-oil contaminated Kuwaiti soil.