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Electrospray-assisted drying of live probiotics in acacia gum microparticles matrix

Zaeim, Davood, Sarabi-Jamab, Mahboobe, Ghorani, Behrouz, Kadkhodaee, Rassoul, Tromp, R.Hans
Carbohydrate polymers 2018 v.183 pp. 183-191
autoclaving, drying, electrical conductivity, gum arabic, microparticles, plate count, polysorbates, probiotics, surface tension, surfactants, viscosity
Acacia gum solution was employed as a carrier for electrospray-assisted drying of probiotic cells. To optimize the process, effect of gum concentration, thermal sterilization as a prerequisite for microbial studies, and surfactant addition on physical properties of feed solution was investigated. Increasing gum concentration from 20 to 40 wt.% led to a viscosity increase, whilst surface tension did not change meaningfully and electrical conductivity declined after an increasing trend up to 30 wt.% of the gum. Thermal sterilization increased the viscosity without any significant effect on the conductivity and surface tension. Surfactant addition reduced the surface tension and conductivity but the viscosity increased. Highly uniform particles were formed by electrospray-assisted drying of autoclaved 35 wt.% acacia gum solution containing 1 wt.% Tween 80. Thermal sterilization and surfactant addition improved electrospray-ability of acacia gum solution. Bacterial count showed that more than 96 percent of probiotic cells passed the process viably.