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Characterization of indigenous Pediococcus pentosaceus, Leuconostoc kimchii, Weissella cibaria and Weissella confusa for faba bean bioprocessing

Rizzello, Carlo G., Coda, Rossana, Wang, Yaqin, Verni, Michela, Kajala, Ilkka, Katina, Kati, Laitila, Arja
International journal of food microbiology 2019 v.302 pp. 24-34
Leuconostoc kimchii, Pediococcus pentosaceus, Weissella cibaria, Weissella confusa, amino acids, antinutritional factors, antioxidant activity, bioprocessing, dextran, digestible protein, dough, enzymes, exopolysaccharides, faba beans, flour, food fortification, food production, irradiation, kimchi, lactic acid bacteria, peptides, phytic acid, proteolysis, raffinose, starter cultures, sucrose, viscosity
The interest towards legumes in food applications has risen over the past decades. However, the presence of antinutritional factors (ANF) and the poor technological performances still restricts their application in food fortification. In this study, four lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from faba bean were applied as starter cultures for faba bean bioprocessing. None of the strains employed produced exopolysaccharides from raffinose, on the contrary, they did with sucrose as substrate. The fermented doughs were characterized and the strains were compared for their adaptation capacity and metabolic performance including the formation of dextrans, the degradation of ANF and the ability to improve antioxidant activity and in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD). A contribution to the proteolysis was given by the presence of endogenous enzymes, responsible for the increase of peptides and amino acids in dough from irradiated flour. However, the LAB strains further enhanced proteolysis. Weissella cibaria VTT E-153485 led to the highest peptide release and consequentially to the highest IVPD. In doughs fermented with Pediococcus pentosaceus VTT E-153483 and Leuconostoc kimchi VTT E-153484, phytic acid was reduced to more than half the initial concentration. Inoculated doughs had significantly lower content of oligosaccharides after 24 h of incubation compared to the controls. The most efficient raffinose consumption was found for Leuc. kimchi and W. cibaria. Doughs inoculated with weissellas contained >1% of dextrans. Weissella confusa VTT E-143403 induced a significant increment in viscosity (ca. 7 times higher than the controls). This study revealed that well-characterized, indigenous LAB provided beneficial biotechnological features in faba bean dough processing and contributed to its implementation in the food production.