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Disaster risk reduction among households exposed to landslide hazard: A crucial role for self-efficacy?
- Mertens, K., Jacobs, L., Maes, J., Poesen, J., Kervyn, M., Vranken, L.
- Land use policy 2018 v.75 pp. 77-91
- farmers, household surveys, households, land use planning, landslides, livelihood, motivation, risk, risk reduction, self-efficacy, spatial data, trees, Uganda
- Natural hazards have a large impact on household livelihoods worldwide, especially in the Global South. Yet, literature on the adoption of risk reduction measures at household level remains scattered and inconclusive. This study combines geographical data with an original cross-sectional household survey to investigate the relation between individual land use plans and both exposure to and experience with a natural hazard. Regressions are used to test the protection motivation theory (PMT) and to investigate the link between intentions to plant trees to reduce landslide risk and past experiences, actual exposure, perceived threat and perceived capacity to prevent the occurrence of landslides. The results show that respondents in our study area in Uganda are well aware of landslide risk and believe trees are effective in landslide susceptibility reduction. Yet, those farmers that would benefit most from reducing landslide susceptibility by planting trees have the lowest intention to do so. A low self-efficacy among exposed farmers is proposed to explain this result. This finding has important implications for disaster risk reduction and land use policies and leads to recommendations on how governments and development agents should communicate about landslide risk.