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Optimal expansion planning considering storage investment and seasonal effect of demand and renewable generation

Canizes, Bruno, Soares, João, Lezama, Fernando, Silva, Cátia, Vale, Zita, Corchado, Juan M.
Renewable energy 2019 v.138 pp. 937-954
energy, planning, politics, power lines, seasonal variation, solar energy, stochastic processes, wind, wind power, Portugal
A new era of cleaner distributed generators, like wind and solar, dispersed along the distribution network are gaining great importance and contributing to the environment and political goals. However, the variability and intermittency of those generators pose new complexities and challenges to the network planning. This research paper proposes an innovative stochastic methodology to deal with the expansion planning of large distribution networks in a smart grid context with high penetration of distributed renewable energy sources and considering the seasonal impact. Also, new power lines locations and types, the size and the location of energy storage systems are considered in the optimization. A distribution network with 180 buses located in Portugal considering high distributed generators penetration is used to illustrate the application of the proposed methodology. The results demonstrate the advantage of the stochastic model when compared with a deterministic formulation, avoiding the need for larger investments in new lines and energy storage systems.