U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government


Main content area

Carbon dioxide sequestration accompanied by bioenergy generation using a bubbling-type photosynthetic algae microbial fuel cell

Li, Ming, Zhou, Minghua, Luo, Jianmei, Tan, Chaolin, Tian, Xiaoyu, Su, Pei, Gu, Tingyue
Bioresource technology 2019 v.280 pp. 95-103
Chlorella vulgaris, absorption, ammonium acetate, bioenergy, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide fixation, carbon sequestration, energy balance, lipids, microbial fuel cells, nitrogen, photobioreactors, photosynthetic algae, power generation, sodium nitrate, urea, wastewater
This study developed a bubbling-type photosynthetic algae microbial fuel cell (B-PAMFC) to treat synthetic wastewater and capture CO₂ using Chlorella vulgaris with simultaneous power production. The performance of B-PAMFC in CO₂ fixation and bioenergy production was compared with the photosynthetic algae microbial fuel cell (PAMFC) and bubbling photobioreactor. Different nitrogen sources for C. vulgaris growth, namely sodium nitrate, urea, ammonium acetate and acetamide were studied. The maximum CO₂ fixation rate in B-PAMFC with 2.8 g L⁻¹ urea reached 605.3 mg L⁻¹ d⁻¹, 3.86-fold higher than that in PAMFC. Urea also enhanced the solution absorption of CO₂. Furthermore, the B-PAMFC reached a high lipid productivity of 105.9 mg L⁻¹ d⁻¹. An energy balance analysis indicated that B-PAMFC had a maximum net energy of 1.824 kWh m⁻³, making it a lab-scale energy-positive system. The B-PAMFC with urea as nitrogen source would provide an attractive strategy for simultaneous CO₂ sequestration and bioenergy production.