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Nesting biology of the potter wasp Rhynchium brunneum brunneum (Fabricius, 1793) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae) in North Vietnam

Dang, Hoa T., Nguyen, Lien T.P.
Journal of Asia-Pacific entomology 2019 v.22 no.2 pp. 427-436
Vespidae, brood cells, eggs, females, insect larvae, multivoltine habit, nesting sites, overwintering, oviposition, parasitoids, prepupae, sex ratio, traps, wasps, Vietnam
Rhynchium brunneum brunneum (Fabricius, 1793) is a common species using trap nests in North Vietnam. The females chose the nest traps with diameters ranging from 5.5 to 17 mm. Nests consisted of a linear series of one to eleven brood cells separated by mud partitions. Brood cells were provisioned with caterpillars, and eggs were attached to the ceiling of the cells by a thin filament. The life history and sex ratio data of this species were recorded from April to early November. Its sex ratio is strongly male-biased, being multivoltine, likely with four generations per year, the last one overwintering in the prepupal stage. Nesting activity of the species was described with major activities such as nesting site selection, oviposition, prey collecting, and applying cell material. Only 53.3% of the provisioned cells were successful; the others were damaged by six parasitoid species or died during development for unknown reasons.