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Morphological and molecular characterization of six Indian Tetracotyle type metacercariae (Digenea: Strigeidae Railliet, 1919), using ribosomal and mitochondrial DNA

Choudhary, Kirti, Ray, Shailendra, Pandey, Keshava C., Agrawal, Nirupama
Parasitology international 2019 v.70 pp. 33-40
Strigeidae, freshwater fish, genetic markers, internal transcribed spacers, metacercariae, mitochondrial DNA, monophyly, ribosomal DNA, statistical analysis, India
Strigeids have a cup-shaped fore body, containing a holdfast organ with two lobes and hind body. The species diversity of strigeids remains incomplete, especially in the Indian sub-continent. Here, we described six Tetracotyle type metacercariae (T. muscularis, T. fausti, T. lucknowensis, T. xenentodoni, T. mathuraensis and T. glossogobii) from five fresh water fish, collected at Lucknow (India). Next, we characterized these metacercariae using ribosomal (18S, 28S, ITS2) and mitochondrial DNA (COI) to determine their systematic and phylogenetic position. Molecular identification using inter-specific variation range for all four molecular markers revealed 1.9–4.9% (18S); 3.3–8.8% (28S); 6.8–12.9% (ITS2), and 3.5–9.4% (COI) among six Tetracotyle type metacercariae. In phylogenetic analysis, constructed by neighbour-joining (NJ) and maximum likelihood (ML) methods, T. fausti, T. glossogobii, T. xenentodoni, T. lucknowensis and T. mathuraenis nested as sister groups with the member of strigeids for all four markers used; T. muscularis, however, formed a basal clade. Furthermore, phylogenetic placement states the monophyly of the Tetracotyle type of metacercariae in all the markers (18S, 28S, COI), except ITS2.