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Allelopathic effect of aqueous extracts of three weed species on the growth and leaf chlorophyll content of bread wheat

Siyar, Saira, Majeed, Abdul, Muhammad, Zahir, Ali, Hazrat, Inayat, Naila
Acta ecologica Sinica 2019 v.39 no.1 pp. 63-68
Avena fatua, Melilotus officinalis, Polypogon, allelopathy, biomass, chlorophyll, cultivars, germination, leaves, phytotoxicity, pot culture, roots, seedlings, shoots, water content, weeds, wheat
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the allelopathic effect of weeds (Avena fatua, Melilotus officinalis and Polypogon hissaricus) on germination, growth, dry biomass and chlorophyll concentration of three cultivars of wheat (Ata Habib, Pirsabaq and Serin). In germination test, different concentrations of aqueous extracts (5, 10 and 15 g/l) of the three weeds significantly reduced percent germination; however, 15 g/l extract of M. officinalis resulted in complete failure of germination of cultivar Pirsabaq. In pot culture, root and shoot length, chlorophyll concentration and seedling dry biomass of the three wheat varieties showed differential responses to different weeds. Aqueous extract at 15 g/l of A. fatua increased root and shoot length and dry biomass of cultivar Pirsabaq; however, these parameters were significantly retarded in other two wheat cultivars by extract of weeds. Moisture content of the cultivars did not show any response to allelopathic stress of the weeds. In contrast, chlorophyll concentration in Pirsabaq and Serin was significantly increased by aqueous extract of all the weeds but reduced it in cultivar Ata Habib by 50%. In general, Ata Habib was found to be the most sensitive cultivar to the imposed allelopathic stress. The phytotoxic potential of three weeds was found in the order of A. fatua > M. officinalis > P. hissaricus.