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Image-Based Investigation: Biorelevant Solubility of α and γ Indomethacin
- Štukelj, Jernej, Svanbäck, Sami, Kristl, Julijana, Strachan, Clare J., Yliruusi, Jouko
- Analytical chemistry 2019 v.91 no.6 pp. 3997-4003
- bioavailability, gastrointestinal system, indomethacin, ionic strength, pH, permeability, solubility, surfactants
- Solubility is a physicochemical property highly dependent on the solid-state form of a compound. Thus, alteration of a compound’s solid-state form can be undertaken to enhance the solubility of poorly soluble drug compounds. In the Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS), drugs are classified on the basis of their aqueous solubility and permeability. However, aqueous solubility does not always correlate best with in vivo solubility and consequently bioavailability. Therefore, the use of biorelevant media is a more suitable approach for mimicking in vivo conditions. Here, assessed with a novel image-based single-particle-analysis (SPA) method, we report a constant ratio of solubility increase of 3.3 ± 0.5 between the α and γ solid-state forms of indomethacin in biorelevant media. The ratio was independent of pH, ionic strength, and surfactant concentration, which all change as the drug passes through the gastrointestinal tract. On the basis of the solubility ratio, a free-energy difference between the two polymorphic forms of 2.9 kJ/mol was estimated. Lastly, the use of the SPA approach to assess solubility has proven to be simple, fast, and both solvent- and sample-sparing, making it an attractive tool for drug development.