Main content area

Macroscopic and Microscopic View of Competitive and Cooperative Adsorption of Alcohol Mixtures on ZIF-8

Claessens, Benjamin, Martin-Calvo, Ana, Gutiérrez-Sevillano, Juan José, Dubois, Nicolas, Denayer, Joeri F.M., Cousin-Saint-Remi, Julien
Langmuir 2019 v.35 no.11 pp. 3887-3896
adsorption, butanol, ethanol, models, prediction, vapors
While in most adsorptive separations different mixture components tend to compete for different adsorption sites, we report the existence of cooperative effects in the adsorption of alcohols (ethanol and 1-butanol) from the vapor phase on ZIF-8. The presence of these molecules in binary mixtures leads to an increase in their equilibrium capacities, compared to the pure component isotherms. These effects were first observed when predicting the mixture equilibrium capacities using the ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST) and were also observed via grand canonical Monte Carlo (GC MC) simulations. GC MC simulations showed that the interaction between adsorbate molecules leads to the cooperative effect predicted by IAST. The predicted cooperative adsorption could be confirmed via breakthrough experiments. In these experiments, a “roll-up” of 1-butanol was observed during the regeneration of a ZIF-8 packed column. A dynamic breakthrough model employing IAST was developed and used to explain the effect of the adsorption equilibrium on the dynamic breakthrough profiles.