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Effect of pulsed electric field treatment on shelf life and nutritional value of apple juice

Dziadek, Kinga, Kopeć, Aneta, Dróżdż, Tomasz, Kiełbasa, Paweł, Ostafin, Marek, Bulski, Karol, Oziembłowski, Maciej
Journal of food science and technology 2019 v.56 no.3 pp. 1184-1191
antioxidant activity, apple juice, ascorbic acid, bioactive compounds, electric field, food preservation, food spoilage, nutritive value, polyphenols, pulsed electric fields, refrigeration, shelf life, spoilage microorganisms
The aim of this study was to assess shelf life and nutritional value of apple juice, including the content of bioactive compounds, after pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment, taking into account different number of cycles: 4, 6, 8 (total 200, 300, and 400 pulses, respectively). Determination of vitamin C and polyphenols concentration, antioxidant activity as well as microbiological analysis were conducted immediately after PEF process and after 24, 48 and 72 h of storage. The results showed that PEF did not affect the content of bioactive compounds. PEF-treated juice did not show changes in the amount of vitamin C and total polyphenols during the storage for 72 h under refrigeration. PEF treatment was effective method for inactivation of a wide range of most common food spoilage microorganisms. PEF process can be used as an effective method of food preservation, allowing prolongation of shelf life and protection of nutritional value. This brings new opportunities for obtaining safe, healthy and nutritious food.